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El Vino, Patrimonio de la Humanidad

En la prensa española se destaca hoy la inclusión del parque nacional del Teide en la isla de Tenerife como Patrimonio de la Humanidad. Quise conocer con mayor detalle y entré en el site de la Unesco. Consultando el listado de bienes naturales y culturales por cada país, me llamó la atención ver que los viñedos de Saint Emilion en Francia forman parte de los bienes protegidos. Profundicé en el listado de paises y encontré más sorpresas que os detallo a continuación con el criterio ofrecido por la UNESCO para su inclusión.

Jurisdiccion de Sant Emilion en Francia (1999)

Justification for Inscription: Criterion (iii): The Jurisdiction of Saint-Emilion is an outstanding example of an historic vineyard landscape that has survived intact and in activity to the present day. Criterion (iv): The intensive cultivation of grapes for wine production in a precisely defined region and the resulting landscape is illustrated in an exceptional way by the historic Jurisdiction of Saint-Emilion.

Región del Alto Douro en Portugal (2001)

Justification for Inscription: Criterion iii The Alto Douro Region has been producing wine for nearly two thousand years and its landscape has been moulded by human activities. Criterion iv The components of the Alto Douro landscape are representative of the full range of activities association with winemaking – terraces, quintas (wine-producing farm complexes), villages, chapels, and roads. Criterion v The cultural landscape of the Alto Douro is an outstanding example of a traditional European wine-producing region, reflecting the evolution of this human activity over time.

Paisajes de la cultura del vino en la Isla de Pico, Azores de Portugal (2004)

Justification for Inscription: Criteria (iii) and (v): The Pico Island landscape reflects a unique response to viniculture on a small volcanic island and one that has been evolving since the arrival of the first settlers in the 15th century. The extraordinarily beautiful man-made landscape of small, stone walled fields is testimony to generations of small-scale farmers who, in a hostile environment, created a sustainable living and much-prized wine.

Región del vino de Tokaj en Hungría (2002)

Justification for Inscription: Criterion (iii) The Tokaji wine region represents a distinct viticultural tradition that has existed for at least a thousand years and which has survived intact up to the present. Criterion (v) The entire landscape of the Tokaji wine region, including both vineyards and long established settlements, vividly illustrates the specialized form of traditional land-use that it represents.

Las terrazas de Lavaux en Suiza (2007)

The Lavaux, vineyard terraces, stretching for about 30km along the south-facing northern shores of Lake Geneva from the Chateau de Chillon, to the eastern outskirts of Lausanne in the Vaud Region, cover the lower slopes of the mountain side between the villages and the lake. Although there is some evidence that vines were grown in the areas in Roman times, the present vine terraces can be traced back to the 11th century, when Benedictine and Cistercian Monasteries controlled the area. The villages, small towns and intensively planted vines reflect the changing system of production and patronage over ten centuries.

Igualmente están pendientes de aceptación las siguientes regiones del vino: las terrazas de Langhe, Roero, Monferrato y Valtellina en Italia. En Francia las regiones de Champagne y las dos areas de viñedos más reconocidas de la Borgoña: côte de Nuits y côte de Baune. En España se presenta la candidatura de la Ruta cultural del vino en los pueblos del Mediterraneo que implica a todas las regiones del norte desde Galicia a Catalunya pasando por la Rioja. En relación al nuevo mundo no aparece ninguna región ni entre las aceptadas ni como candidatas a futuras incorporaciones.

Podríamos hablar por tanto que con independencia de la calidad de sus vinos, estas regiones son las únicas catalogadas como Denominación de origen Protegida por la Humanidad.

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